The Municipal Administration of Culture, Radio, Film and Television has recently announced the list of recommendation for the 6th batch of Shanghai intangible cultural heritage (ICH) representative projects. The two projects of Qingpu District, namely, the “Cooking Skills of Xujing Soup-Stock Dish” and the “Jinze Temple Fair”, are included into the extension directory of the 6th batch of Shanghai ICH representative projects.
Originating from Panlong Watertown in Xujing, Qingpu, the “cooking skills of Xujing soup-stock dish” has its reputation as the “palatable soup dish of Xujing, the first town on the National Highway 318” among the people. Also known as stewed dish or hot dish, the soup-stock dish is indispensable to weddings or funerals in local Xujing. Without heating cooking oil, it is to put some ingredients into soup-stock stewed previously. A few minutes later, it is to thicken soup before putting it into bowls. It sounds simple though, each process needs professional skills. The meat-vegetable ingredients include the choicest delicacies of sea and land; the filtered white broth has thick one and thin one. Thicken soup to make the flavor better, guarantee the crispness, highlight the main ingredients, enhance the color and luster, and perfect the soup-stock dish with the stirring skill.
With a solid amount of food ingredients inside though, the dish presents a light and clear appearance. It is scalding when put on table, so we take a large bite of the dish as soon as it is cool, making full of delicate fragrance in the mouth.
A temple fair does not only appear in TV dramas. Jinze maintains the ceremonial temple fairs up to now.
The Jinze temple fair is mainly composed of the “temple fair on the 28th day” held on the 28th day of the 3rd lunar month and the “double ninth temple fair” held on the 9th day of the 9th lunar month every year. The “temple fair on the 28th day” originates from the birthday sacrifice of Dongyue Emperor, while the “double ninth temple fair” originates from the birthday sacrifice of Yang Zhen (popularly known as Lord Yang). During the temple fair, the boats for incense offering cover the rivers and channels; the temples are full of incense; and the streets and temple fairs are crowded with people. In addition to religious activities including the worship by believers and the excursions of gods, such folk entertainments as acting, preaching, singing sacred songs, rattle stick dance, dragon dance and lion dance would gather here, and vendors from various regions are all over the streets and alleys for temple fairs, thus forming a grand folk temple fair integrating faith, entertainment and commerce.
According to the Jinze Annals compiled by the Jinze native Cai Zishen in the 11th year of Daoguang Reign of the Qing Dynasty (1831), “the temple fairs for God of Dongyue are held twice a year, namely, on the 28th day of the 3rd lunar month and the 9th day of the 9th lunar month every year. It has been a long time since the villagers participate in the one-day tour.” The Dongyue Temple in the late Qing Dynasty has boasted of a large-scale temple fair, as recorded. If we extrapolate from the construction time of Yihao Buddhist Temple and Dongyue Temple, the beginning of Jinze Temple can be traced back to the Song and Yuan dynasties as early as possible.
The district has strictly followed the principles of “giving priority to protection, giving the first place to rescue, reasonable utilization, as well as inheritance and development” to respond to the work of ICH protection in recent years, and has solidly done the work of rescuing, protecting, managing and rationally utilizing the ICH. The above two projects will further promote the excavation, protection and inheritance of the district’s intangible culture heritages.