Qingpu District, shaped into land 5,000 B.C. and inhabited by its ancestors 6,000 years ago, boasts a long history. The ancestors labored and lived on this land, giving birth to a gorgeous civilization. Qingpu is the earliest human habitat in Shanghai thanks to the Songze Culture—a typical ancient culture during the Neolithic Period in Taihu Lake Area. Qingpu County, established in 1542, the 21st year of Emperor Jiajing of the Ming Dynasty, was revoked on September 16, 1999 when Qingpu District was set up upon approval by the State Council, with the administrative division unchanged. The Qingpu People’s Government of Shanghai Municipality was founded in due form on January 12, 2000.
Qingpu, located at east longitudes from 120°53' to 121°17' and north latitudes from 30°59' to 31°16', lies in the western suburbs of Shanghai, the lower reaches of the Taihu Lake and the upper reaches of the Huangpu River. It adjoins Minhang District on the east and borders Songjiang District and Jinshan District of Shanghai as well as Jiashan County of Zhejiang Province on the south. It borders Wujiang and Kunshan of Jiangsu Province in the west and is connected with Jiading District on the north.
The total area of Qingpu is 669.77 square kilometers, or one tenth of the total of Shanghai. Among them, the water area is 124.49 square kilometers, or 18.6% of the district’s total. In Qingpu lies the largest freshwater lake in Shanghai—the Dianshan Lake, crossing Qingpu District of Shanghai and Kunshan of Zhejiang Province, with a total area of about 62 square kilometers, among which 75.3% or 46.7 square kilometers are in Qingpu.
Like a butterfly, Qingpu District, with wide terrain in its east and west wings, is narrow in the central area. The land is flat at an altitude of 2.8-3.5 meters.
Mild and humid, Qingpu belongs to the northern subtropical monsoon climate, with four distinct seasons, abundant sunshine, ample rainfall and long frost-free period. In 2006, its average temperature was 17.6 ℃. The mean temperature in January was the lowest at about 5.6 ℃ while that in August the highest at about 29.8 ℃. It had 230 frost-free days and 121 precipitation days, with 990.2 mm precipitation and 1,756 sunshine hours.
Qingpu’s water network belongs to the plain type, with the river ports affected by the tide of the Huangpu River. Qingpu accommodates on the water flowing from Jiangsu and Zhejiang provinces, which eventually enters the Huangpu River and goes to the sea. There are 1,817 channels that are as long as 2,155 km in total. Thanks to the 21 lakes with a total area of 59.3 square kilometers, Qingpu boasts 15.51 billion cubic meters of water resources.
Qingpu has annual maximum water level of 2.9 meters on January 20 and the lowest water level of 2.1 meters on March 25. The annual average water level is 2.46 meters.
By the end of 2009, Qingpu's total population had hit 945,000, among whom 486,000 or 51.4% were migrant workers. There were 848,000 permanent residents, among whom 389,000 are migrant workers (living more than six months). By the end of 2009, residents with registered household had reached 459,000, among whom 294,000 were non-agricultural. In 2009, 2,680 were born and 3,254 died, with the birth rate of 5.84% and the population growth rate of -1.25‰.
Qingpu has three sub-districts and 8 towns: Xiayang Sub-district, Yingpu Sub-district, Xianghuaqiao Sub-district, Zhaoxiang Town, Xujing Town, Huaxin Town, Zhonggu Town, Baihe Town, Zhujiajiao Town, Liantang Town and Jinze Town, as well as a total of 184 villages and 69 neighborhood committees.